1. SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor
It measures the protection you receive from your sunscreen against UVB filers. For example, if you normally burn in 10 minutes, a sunscreen with a SPF 15 will give you 15 times more protection from a sunburn as opposed to when you are unprotected (Total of 150 minutes of protection).
2. Everyone should use sun protection regardless of your skin colour.
It doesn’t mean you shouldn’t wear any if you have a darker skin tone, it just might mean you can opt for a lower SPF since your own skin tone acts as a physical barrier from UV rays. You should however wear a sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 15 such as Lavera Anti-Age Sun Cream SPF 15. Most sunscreen products on the market now range from SPF 15 to SPF 50+. If you have lighter skin and are prone to burning, use a higher protection.
3. Make sure you buy a sun protection with both UVB and UVA protection.
UVB rays are the rays that cause your skin to tan or burn. UVA rays, however, penetrate deeper into the skin and not only cause skin cancer but it also contributes to skin aging. A great broad-spectrum protection for sensitive skin is La Roche-Posay Anthelios XL SPF 50+ Velvety Milk Fragrance Free.
4. Always apply sunscreen at least 30 minutes before sun exposure
In addition to this, you should reapply your sun protection every 2-3 hours for the best protection. Even if you use a waterproof sunscreen, you still need to reapply as sweat, water and humidity can cause the protection to wear off over time.
5. Babies should not be exposed to the sun
Everyone should try their best to protect themselves through wearing sun protective clothing and hats when possible. Don't forget to protect your nose, lips and ears. An easy product to use is Clarins Sun Control Stick High Protection. Sling it around your neck and with a simple, single-handed twist - no need to fumble with caps - simply top up whenever needed.
6. Avoid excessive tanning and sun beds.
Sun beds are arguable worse as salons tend to use UVA lamps where the rays penetrate deeper into the skin. If you want a great tan before a holiday, try using a self-tanner such as Lancaster Self Tanning Fast Dry Bronze Water Spray or L'Oreal Sublime Bronze Self-Tanning Gel Tinted & Shimmering for Body.
7. Ideally, sunscreen should be work 365 days a year.
UV rays are evident throughout the day and present during all 4 seasons. You should avoid excessive sun exposure when the sun is at its strongest, usually between 11-3pm. Don’t be fooled – even on a cloudy day; you are exposed to both UVB and UVA rays.