Rhodiola boosts physical and mental performance, along with enhancing recovery from intense-resistance exercise.
Broadly speaking, these beneficial effects result from the interplay of several physiological mechanisms.
Rhodiola rosea... - Enhances mitochondrial function, and therefore influences substrate oxidation and turnover.
- Reduces exercise-induced lipid and protein oxidation.
- Facilitates the biosynthesis, activation, and transport of neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly the opioids (i.e., beta-endorphins).
- Influences the levels of biogenic monoamines, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine in the cerebral cortex, brain stem, and hypothalamus.
- Modulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.